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ATM Security Knowledge Centre - Terminology

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There are 79 entries in the ATM Security Knowledge Centre.
Pages: 1
Term Definition
419

Nigerian legal system designation of advanced fee fraud

 
ACTAdvanced Cellular Tracking, Satcom Technology Ltd
 
Advanced Fee Fraud

(Nigerian 419 fraud). Victims tricked into providing an up-front fee (and account information) to obtain larger cash reward which does not exist.

 
Algerian V

type of card trapping device

 
Anchored

fixing of ATM to solid base such as the ground

 
Architecture Hacking

intrusion and compromise of the internal ATM system

 
ATDAnti-Theft Device -physical security system to prevent ram raid attacks
 
ATM Crime

attacks against ATMs either physical ATM attacks or ATM fraud

 
ATM Fraud

the use of an ATM to obtain something of value

 
ATM Funds Transfer

use of the ATM to transfer funds from one account to another

 
ATM jackpotcause cash to be dispensed without debiting account, often through manipulation, diagnostic compromise or black box attack
 
ATM Physical Attacks

gaining access to the cash or other valuable media within the ATM

 
ATM Safe

common name for the ATM Security Enclosure

 
ATM Security Enclosure

correct name for what is commonly known as the ATM safe

 
Black box attacksophisticated electonics used to compromise an atm
 
Card Cloningcounterfeit or encoded card often created from skimming or data compromise
 
Card Entry Slot Skimmers

skimming device located at the card reader entry slot

 
Card Skimming

copying of the cards magnetic stripe information

 
Card Swapping

exchange the genuine card for a fake card

 
Card Theft

physically obtaining the consumers card

 
Card Trapping

trap or jam the card in the ATM card entry slot

 
Cash In Transit

CIT, transporters of cash and other valuable media

 
Cash Trapping

cash trapped and prevented from reaching consumer

 
CCTV

close circuit television, used for security and surveillance

 
CIT

Cash in Transit

 
Counterfeit

category of card fraud including fake cards

 
Cutting

use of tools such as rotary saw, blow torch, thermal lance

 
Data compromise

theft of information from network, processor or storage device

 
Denomination Fraudchange the accounting value of notes in the ATM
 
Deposit Fraud

manipulation and / or theft of media deposited

 
Deposit Trapping

trap or jam the deposit media

 
DFR Risk Management

consultancy services specialiizing in ATM fraud and security risk management

 
Distraction Techniques

cause consumer to lose concentration while at the ATM

 
Door Access Skimmers

skimming device located at the entry to the ATM location

 
Exit Flap Trapcard trapping device that allows card insertion but not card return
 
Explosive Attack

use of explosives normally to gain access to the safe

 
Explosive Gas Attack (ATM Gas Attack)

causing combustible gas to explode to gain access to the security enclosure

 
Explosive Non-Gas

use of solid explosive material to gain access to the safe

 
Fake Chequefraudulent cheque (check) with less or no financial value
 
False Deposit

deposit of less or no value in relation to that credited

 
False Front

packaging of devices to resemble part of the ATM

 
Fraudulent spenduse of compromised cards to obtain cash or goods, fraudulent transaction
 
Frontal Attackforced access to cash through dispsenser slot
 
Funds Transfer Fraud

use of an ATM to transfer funds from the victim\\\'s account to the perpetrator\\\'s account

 
Hand held skimmingSkimming device often held in hand
 
Helpful Strangerperpetrator prentending to assist the victim but with purpose of stealing
 
Honey Trapattractive person entices another to reveal information
 
IEDimprovised explosive device, homemade explosive
 
Infrastructure Hacking

intrusion and compromise of the ATM system environment

 
Keyboard Overlay

false key pad used to record PIN entry

 
Leaving transaction livetricking consumer to leave transaction active
 
Lebanese Loop

type of card trapping device

 
Manipulationinterfere, manipulate or trick the ATM, often the dispenser
 
Miniature Camera

small covert spy camera used to observe PIN entry

 
Network Hacking (Cracking)

intrusion and compromise of the ATM network

 
Ore Ore Sagi (Japanese)

Japanese phrase meaning \"It is me.\" - a type of ATM Funds Transfer fraud initiated by phone

 
OTP

one time password, often sent via SMS and used for online banking

 
Phantom withdrawalATM transaction disputed by both consumer and financial institution
 
Phishing

use of fake e-mail and web sites to obtain information

 
Pigeon Dropcon trick, often exchanging something of no value for something of value
 
PIN

personal identification number

 
PIN Compromise

obtaining the non encrypted PIN

 
Plofkraak

Dutch word used to describe ATM explosive gas attacks

 
Precision Attack

attack on security exclosure to gain access, often indicative of expert knowledge

 
Ram Raid

physically removing the ATM by force, often using a vehicle

 
Raminatorphysical security protection solution against ram raids designed by Lockit Systems of Australia
 
Shimminiature device placed between chip reader terminals and chip on card to skim data
 
Shoulder Surfing

observation of the PIN using close physical surveillance

 
Skimming

copying the magnetic stripe data or magnetic stripe image of a card

 
Smsishing (Smishing)type of phishing using sms text messages
 
Social Engineering

use of sociological techniques to obtain information

 
Sofia Skimmer

miniature sophisticated skimming device

 
Solid Explosive

non-gas, non-liquid explosive material

 
Spy Camera

small covert camera used to observe PIN entry

 
Stuck key fraudkeyboard or fdk keys stuck down to prevent use, associated with leaving transaction live fraud
 
stuck touch screen fraudsimilar to stuck key fraud using tape directly attached to touch screen
 
Transaction Reversal Fraud

re-crediting amounts withdrawn to the account, often using atm manipulation

 
VishingType of Phishing using telephone
 
visual card compromiseobserve and record card data visible on card with intent to create cloned card
 


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